Check Out New $3 Billion Amphibious Carrier Ship

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An amphibious assault ship is a type of amphibious warfare ship that is used to land and support ground forces on enemy territory during an amphibious assault. The design evolved from aircraft carriers converted to heliᴄᴏᴘter carriers (and, as a result, are frequently mistaken for traditional fixed-wing aircraft carriers). Amphibious landing craft are supported by modern ships, and most designs include a well deck. Returning full circle, certain amphibious assault ships now serve as secondary aircraft carriers, supporting V/STOL fixed-wing aircraft.

The role of an amphibious assault ship is fundamentally different from that of a standard aircraft carrier: its aviation facilities are primarily used to host heliters to support forces ashore rather than to support strike aircraft. However, some are capable of serving in the sea-control role, embarking aircraft such as the Harrier or the new F-35B variant of the Lightning II for combat air patrol and heliters for anti-submarine warfare, or serving as a safe base for large numbers of STOVLers providing air support for an expeditionary unit ashore. Most of these ships may also carry or support landing craft, such as air-cushioned landing craft (hovercraft) or LCUs.

Source: Fluctus

The US Navy operates the largest fleet of these ships, including the Wasp-class, which dates back to 1989, and the very similar America-class ships, which entered service in 2014. The Royal Aᴜsᴛʀᴀʟɪᴀn Navy, the Bʀᴀᴢɪʟian Navy, the Chinese People’s Liberation Army Navy, the Eɢʏᴘᴛian Navy, the French Navy, the Italian Navy, the Republic of Korea Navy, and the Spanish Navy all operate amphibious assault ships.

All amphibious assault ships are designed to resemble aircraft carriers due of their aircraft carrier heritage. The flight deck is used to operate ᴀᴛᴛᴀᴄᴋ and utility heliters for landing troops and supplies, as well as launch and recover Harrier Jump Jets to provide air support to landing operations on some ship types. STOL aircraft like the OV-10 were occasionally deployed on large-deck amphibious assault ships and were capable of doing short take-offs and landings without the use of catapults or arresting wires, though the latter was rarely permitted for safety and clearance reasons. The landing craft is also carried, either on deck-mounted davits or in an internal well dock (well deck in the US Navy).

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