How To Plant Asparagus For Your Garden

Nature World

Asparagus is one of the earliest vegetables to ripen in the spring and one of the few perennial vegetables that may be cultivated in the garden. Because it will be in the same location for years, it is critical to pick a location that will provide it with all of the necessary growing conditions. Asparagus plants take three to five years to fully fill out and mature, but the wait is well worth it. You’ll be picking asparagus spears for more than a month every spring once they get into their stride.

Asparagus spears are the plant’s young, upright stems with scale-like points. The leaf matures into an airy, light-green, fern-like cloud later in the season, changing to a golden color in the fall. Early spring is the best time to sow this annual from its roots, or crowns.

Asparagus demands patience and planning because it won’t be harvested for three years. Because asparagus is a perennial, you’ll want to put it in a position in the vegetable garden where it won’t be overshadowed by other plants. Asparagus, on the other hand, requires a lot of room. They should be spaced 12 to 18 inches apart. They won’t spread much in the first few years, but once established, they’ll quickly fill in. Heirloom cultivars require additional room since they contain both male and female plants, which means they will generate seeds and self-sow. Newer hybrid types are engineered to generate solely male plants that do not release seeds, requiring less area because they will only spread through the current crown.


Plants can be started from seed four weeks before the last frost is forecast. Seeds, on the other hand, will lengthen your wait by several years. The majority of people find growing asparagus from crowns, which are commonly accessible in the spring, to be easier. They have the appearance of a worn-out string mop, but they are still very much alive. Asparagus crowns’ roots, unlike those of many other plants, can endure some air exposure, therefore they’re frequently sold loose. They should appear solid and healthy, rather than wilted or mushy.
Planting asparagus crowns in a trench is the most popular ᴍᴇᴛʜod. Dig a trench 12 inches deep and 12 inches broad in the spring. Make mounds out of your compost, fertilizer, or other organic stuff, about 18 inches apart. Spread the roots along the edges of the crown and place it on top of the mound. The crown should be about 6 inches below the soil line at its highest point. Cover the crown with soil and give it plenty of water. As new shoots emerge, fill the trench with more dirt until it is completely filled and flush with the soil line.


When preparing the bed, weeds should be removed, and weeding should continue until the asparagus plants are young. Weeds are difficult to remove from asparagus roots because they develop a ᴄʟᴏsᴇly woven mat. To keep weeds at bay, mulch the asparagus bed. Other plants should not be added to the asparagus bed since they dislike competition for nutrients.
Full sun is ideal for asparagus plants. You’ll end up with thin spears and weak plants that are prone to difficulties if you don’t get enough everyday sunlight. It’s worth taking the effort to enhance your soil before planting a long-lived perennial like asparagus. Make sure there’s plenty of organic matter in the soil and that the pH is between 6.5 and 7.0. Before planting, remove any weeds and large stones from the area. So that the plants do not sit in water, the soil must drain efficiently.

Water asparagus often, especially when it’s young; give it 1 to 2 inches of water per week for the first two growing seasons, and 1 inch per week for older plants. You’ll have less troubles in future years if you give them a strong start when you initially plant them. Consider putting a soaker hose or drip watering in the asparagus bed. During the growing season, the ideal temperature for asparagus is 70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit at night. When the soil temperature ʜɪᴛs 50 degrees in the spring, it will begin to sprout shoots. Any frost after the shoots begin to grow will discolor them. When temperatures are above 85 degrees Fahrenheit or below 55 degrees Fahrenheit, development may be slow.

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